Alan L. NOBLE, Staff Sergeant
U.S. Marine Corps, Appellant
Crim. App. No. 95-0215
United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces
Argued December 15, 1998
Decided May 12, 1999
EFFRON, J., delivered the opinion of the
Court, in which COX, C.J., and SULLIVAN, CRAWFORD, and GIERKE, JJ., joined.
For Appellant: Lieutenant Dale O. Harris, JAGC, USNR (argued).
For Appellee: Major Clark R. Fleming, USMC (argued); Colonel Kevin M. Sandkuhler, USMC, and Commander Eugene E. Irvin, JAGC, USN (on brief).
Military Judge: C. A. Price
Judge EFFRON delivered the opinion of the Court.
Contrary to his pleas, appellant was convicted by a general court-martial composed of officer and enlisted members of disobeying his superior officer, adultery, and obstruction of justice (1 specification each). Consistent with his pleas, he was found guilty of making a false official statement and violating a lawful general regulation prohibiting fraternization (1 specification each). See Arts. 90, 92, 107, and 134, Uniform Code of Military Justice, 10 USC §§ 890, 892, 907, and 934, respectively. Appellant was sentenced to a bad-conduct discharge, confinement for 6 months, and reduction to the lowest enlisted grade. The convening authority approved these results, and the Court of Criminal Appeals affirmed in an unpublished opinion.
This Court granted review of the following issue:
The opinion of the Court of Criminal Appeals sets forth the following factual background with respect to the relationship between the activities of appellant and Staff Sergeant (SSgt) M:
Appellant did not allege at trial that he was the victim of discriminatory prosecution or that it was unlawful to refer the charges against him to a court-martial in light of the administrative separation of SSgt M; nor does he contend on appeal that the proceedings were unlawful. Appellant's concern is limited to the question of whether the decision of the court below -- that appellant's sentence should be approved under Article 66(c), UCMJ, 10 USC § 866(c) -- constituted an abuse of discretion or a miscarriage of justice.
We recently took note of the unique and highly discretionary sentence review function of the Courts of Criminal Appeals in United States v. Lacy, No. 98-0511, __ MJ ___ (1999). We emphasized that neither Article 66(c) nor our precedents requires "those tribunals to engage in sentence comparison with specific cases 'except in those rare instances in which sentence appropriateness can be fairly determined only by reference to disparate sentences adjudged in closely related cases.'" Id. at (6) (quoting United States v. Ballard, 20 MJ 282, 283 (CMA 1985)).
The present case is not one of those "rare instances" involving "disparate sentences adjudged in closely related cases." SSgt M was not tried, convicted, or sentenced. There is no court-martial record of findings and sentence that can be compared, which means that the issue of sentence uniformity is not present in this case.
The issue here involves differences in initial disposition rather than sentence uniformity. Given the broad and highly discretionary authority of the Courts of Criminal Appeals on the issue of sentence appropriateness, an appellant may bring to the attention of those courts other cases with differing disposition decisions. That type of information, when it does not raise the legal issue of a discriminatory or otherwise illegal prosecution or referral, is subject to such consideration as the experienced and mature judges of those courts deem appropriate.
In the present case, the court below reviewed both the allegations against SSgt M and the charges against appellant and noted that appellant also was charged with the more serious offenses of rape and sodomy. We do not agree with appellantís suggestion that the court below cited those charges, of which appellant was acquitted, for the purpose of justifying his confinement and punitive discharge; rather, the court appropriately cited those charges for the purpose of describing the basis for the command's decision to dispose of appellant's case by court-martial while permitting an administrative discharge of SSgt M. The courtís reliance on the factors that led to differing disposition decisions did not constitute an abuse of discretion or miscarriage of justice.
The decision of the United States Navy-Marine Corps Court of Criminal Appeals is affirmed.
* In a footnote, the Court added: "The appellant was charged with but acquitted of raping and sodomizing the woman."
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