United States v. Lundy, 60 MJ 52 (there are two distinct types of reductions in pay grade applicable to enlisted personnel: (1) an adjudged reduction included in the sentence adjudged by a court-martial under RCM 1003(b)(4); and (2) a mandatory reduction to pay grade E-1, the lowest enlisted pay grade, under Article 58a; like mandatory forfeitures, a mandatory reduction is not part of the sentence; moreover, under Article 58a, each military department may establish a service-specific approach as to whether mandatory reduction in pay grade should be a consequence of a court-martial sentence).
reductions in pay grade take effect on the earlier of: (1) fourteen
the date on which the sentence is adjudged, or (2) the date on
sentence is approved by the convening authority; however, the convening
authority has discretion to defer the effective date for all or part of
period leading up to the convening authority’s formal action on the
under Article 60(c), UCMJ; mandatory reductions in pay grade, in
not take effect until the convening authority takes formal action on